General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Eldin W. C. Lim
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, CABI, DOAJ, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, Engineering & Technology Digital Library, ProQuest, and Crossref
    • E-mail: ijcea@ejournal.net
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Editor-in-chief
Dr. Eldin W. C. Lim
Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering,
National University of Singapore, Singapore
IJCEA 2013 Vol.4 (2): 50-53 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2013.V4.260

Health Risk Assessment for Heavy Metals in Natural Cold-Bicarbonated Mineral Water, Wudalianchi

Z. H. Xie, J. H. Wang, Y. Liu, and C. Yang
Abstract—Natural cold-bicarbonate mineral water is rich in varies of trace elements in Wudalianchi, northern China. In this paper, heavy metals’ (HMs) concentrations were measured. Furthermore, the health risk assessment of risk index (RI) and hazard quotient (HQ) was calculated. According to the dates, the average risk order were Ni>Fe>Mn>Ba>Cu>Hg>Zn for South Spring and Ni>Fe>Mn>Hg>Ba>Cu>Zn for North Spring. The risk level was lower than the maximum acceptable value recommended by International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) 5.0×10-5a-1. The HQ values of Ba, Cu, Hg and Zn were <1, but the HQ values of Ni, Mn and Fe were >1. The results indicated that cold-carbonated mineral water wasn’t potable water for daily drinking.

Index Terms—Health risk assessment, heavy metals, mineral water, Wudalianchi

Z. H. Xie, J. H. Wang and C. Yang are with the Institute of Volcano and Spring of Heilongjiang Academy of Sciences, Wudalianchi, China (e-mail: xianchi@xianchi.com, wangjinghua2001@163.com, yangchen0505@126. com).
Y. Liu is with the Heilongjiang Academy of Sciences, Harbin, China (e-mail:happyavi@163.com).

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Cite:Z. H. Xie, J. H. Wang, Y. Liu, and C. Yang, "Health Risk Assessment for Heavy Metals in Natural Cold-Bicarbonated Mineral Water, Wudalianchi," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 50-53, 2013.

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