General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Eldin W. C. Lim
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
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Editor-in-chief
Dr. Eldin W. C. Lim
Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering,
National University of Singapore, Singapore
IJCEA 2013 Vol.4(3): 92-95 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2013.V4.270

Biodiesel Production of Garcinia Mangostana Linn. seeds by Two-Phase Solvent Extraction and Alkali-Catalyzed Transesterification

L. Nabilah Aminah, S. T. Leong, Y. S. Wong, S. A. Ong, and C. K. Kairulazam
Abstract—The present study introduced the potential used of Garcinia Mangostana Linn. seeds as feedstock for bio-diesel production. The preparation of biodiesel by two-phase solvent extraction (TSE) and alkali-catalyzed transesterification was studied. The important factors including catalyst concentration, ratio of methanol to oil and temperature on conversion FAME were examined respectively by experiments. The results of two-step transesterification showed that the optimal conversion of Garcinia Mangostana Linn. seeds into fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) were at condition of 4:1 methanol/oil volume ratio, 50oC reaction temperature, 0.5% ( catalyst / oil weight ratio w/w) solid base catalyst amount and at 5 minutes reaction time.

Index Terms—Biodiesel, Garcinia Mangostana Linn. seeds, two-phase solvent extraction, alkali-catalyzed transesterification.

L. Nabilah Aminah, S. T. Leong, Y. S. Wong, and S. A. Ong are with the School of Environmental Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 01000 Perlis, Malaysia (e-mail: nabilah@unimap.edu.my; withly_leong@yahoo.com; yswong@unimap.edu.my; saong@unimap.edu.my).
C. K Kairulazam is with the Centre for Industrial Collaboration, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 01000 Perlis, Malaysia (e-mail: chekuazam@unimap.edu.my).

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Cite:L. Nabilah Aminah, S. T. Leong, Y. S. Wong, S. A. Ong, and C. K. Kairulazam, "Biodiesel Production of Garcinia Mangostana Linn. seeds by Two-Phase Solvent Extraction and Alkali-Catalyzed Transesterification," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 92-95, 2013.

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