General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, CABI, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, ProQuest, and Crossref
    • E-mail:
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Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan

IJCEA 2013 Vol.4(6): 359-364 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2013.V4.325

Treatment of Pharmaceutical Sludge by Fenton Oxidation Process

Rajesh Nithyanandam and Raman Saravanane
Abstract—Fenton Oxidation process was used to treat the pharmaceutical sludge having the COD value of 118, 400 mg/L for the safe disposal. By varying the ratio of ferrous to hydrogen peroxide for different molar ratio (0.1M, 0.2M, 0.3M, 0.35M,0.4 M) of Fenton’s reagent the pharmaceutical sludge was treated and COD reductions were calculated and optimum ratio was found out. Sludge was also treated by physical treatment by varying the pH and temperature and COD reductions were calculated and the optimum point was found out. The untreated and treated sludge was subjected to GC-MS for the quantitative analysis of non-biodegradable compounds. Scanning Electron Microscope image acquistation and elemental analysis were also studied for both treated and untreated samples. The purpose of the study is to find the suitable end-use method for reusing the treated and oxidized products.

Index Terms—Antibiotics, chemical treatment, Fenton Oxidation, pharmaceutical sludge.

Rajesh Nithyanandam is with the School of Engineering, Taylor’s Lakeside Campus, Taylor’s University, 47500, Subang Jaya, Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (tel.: + 60 149516037; fax: +6 03 5629 5477; e-mail:
Raman Saravanane is with the Department of Environmental Engineering Lab, Pondicherry Engineering College, Pondicherry, India.


Cite: Rajesh Nithyanandam and Raman Saravanane, "Treatment of Pharmaceutical Sludge by Fenton Oxidation Process," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 359-364, 2013.

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