General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Eldin W. C. Lim
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, CABI, DOAJ, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, Engineering & Technology Digital Library, ProQuest, and Crossref
    • E-mail: ijcea@ejournal.net
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Editor-in-chief
Dr. Eldin W. C. Lim
Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering,
National University of Singapore, Singapore
IJCEA 2014 Vol.5(3): 254-258 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2014.V5.389

Oxidative Stress of Cadmium-Induced Ovarian Rat Toxicity

J. A. Tribowo, M. H. Arizal, M. Nashrullah, A. R. Aditama, and D. G. Utama
Abstract—Cadmium (Cd), a common toxic heavy metal, is widely distributed in the environment due to its use in industry. In the industry, Cd is hazardous both by inhalation and ingestion and can cause acute and chronic toxicity. Exposure to Cd had been known to cause damage to organs such as kidney, liver and testis. In this present study Cd was proposed caused an oxidative stress in ovarian rat (Rattus novergicus) cells. Female Rattus novergicus was divided in two groups, one control groups and one case group were exposed by Cd. Furthermore we set Superoxidismutase (SOD), Peroxidase (POX) and catalase (CAT) activity with Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and Malondyaldehide (MDA) as a biomarker of oxidative stress. For analyzing of the data, SPSS software version 17 was used and was examined by Mean-Whitney test. For all outcomes, a nominal p-value of p<0.05 was considered significant. The resulted showed that there are a significance differences SOD, GPx and catalase activity between case and control group. The resulted also showed a significance differences H2O2 and MDA levels between case and control group. The result suggest that Cd induced oxidative stress in ovarian cells.

Index Terms—Antioxidant enzym, cadmium, ovarian cells and oxidative stress.

The authors are with Faculty of Medicine Lambung Mangkurat University South Kalimantan, Indonesian (email: jefryat@yahoo.com, hendyarizal@yahoo.com, arul3592@gmail.com, akbarsyah.ridar.aditama @gmail.com, damargilang.utama@gmail.com).

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Cite:J. A. Tribowo, M. H. Arizal, M. Nashrullah, A. R. Aditama, and D. G. Utama, "Oxidative Stress of Cadmium-Induced Ovarian Rat Toxicity," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 5, no. 3 pp. 254-258, 2014.

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