General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, CABI, DOAJ, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, ProQuest, and Crossref
    • E-mail: ijcea@ejournal.net
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Editor-in-chief
Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan
 

IJCEA 2014 Vol.5(3): 276-280 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2014.V5.393

Application of Peanut Husk Ash as a Low-Cost Solid Catalyst for Biodiesel Production

Yong-Ming Dai, Kung-Tung Chen, Yu-Jie Wang, and Chiing-Chang Chen
Abstract—This work investigates the use of Li2CO3-modified waste peanut husk ash as the solid base catalyst for the biodiesel production. The prepared waste peanut husks as the solid base catalyst are characterized by XRD, BET, SEM and TGA for the physical and chemical properties. In the present study, the biodiesel is synthesized from soybean oil through a transesterification reaction catalyzed by the solid base catalyst. Under the optimal reaction conditions of methanol/oil molar ratio 12:1, 5% (wt/wt oil) catalyst amount, and a reaction temperature of 65 oC for 4 h, there is a 98.4 % conversion to the biodiesel from soybean oil.

Index Terms—Biodiesel, transesterification, peanut husks, Li4SiO4, solid base catalyst, Li2CO3.

Yong-Ming Dai, Yu-Jie Wang, and Chiing-Chang Chen are with the Department of Science Application and Dissemination, National Taichung University of Education, Taichung 40306, Taiwan (e-mail: ccchen@mail.ntcu.edu.tw).
Kung-Tung Chen is with the Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Minghsin University of Science and Technology, Hsinchu 30401, Taiwan.

[PDF]

Cite:Yong-Ming Dai, Kung-Tung Chen, Yu-Jie Wang, and Chiing-Chang Chen, "Application of Peanut Husk Ash as a Low-Cost Solid Catalyst for Biodiesel Production," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 5, no. 3 pp. 276-280, 2014.

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