General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, CABI, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, ProQuest, and Crossref
    • E-mail:
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Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan

IJCEA 2015 Vol.6(1): 18-22 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2015.V6.443

Thermodynamic Performance Assessment of Ozone Layer Friendly Natural Refrigerants as Potential Substitutes to HCFC’s

M. Boumaza
Abstract—Due to the environmental concerns related to ozone depletion potential (ODP) and global warming potential (GWP) of the existing refrigerants, industry and researchers in this field are investigating long-term solutions. With extensive work on alternatives to chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and hydro chlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), initially hydro fluorocarbons were considered to be long-term solutions. The global warming of HFCs has become a hurdle to accept them as long-term solutions. Now, the focus is on the use of natural refrigerants like hydrocarbons (HCs) such as R290, R600, ammonia, carbon dioxide and water. These natural substances have very low GWP, and a zero ODP. This paper presents thermodynamic performance analysis of R22 and three of its alternatives natural refrigerants (R290, R600a and R717) for A/C and refrigeration purposes, through a simulation model. The investigation enables to confirm the possibility of using these natural refrigerants as a substitute to R22.

Index Terms—Refrigerants, performance, ozone layer, friendly.

M. Boumaza is with the Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, King Saud University, Riyad, Saudi Arabia (e-mail:


Cite: M. Boumaza, "Thermodynamic Performance Assessment of Ozone Layer Friendly Natural Refrigerants as Potential Substitutes to HCFC’s," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 18-22, 2015.

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