General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Eldin W. C. Lim
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
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Editor-in-chief
Dr. Eldin W. C. Lim
Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering,
National University of Singapore, Singapore
IJCEA 2015 Vol.6(4): 262-266 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2015.V6.493

Reduction in Content of Bromine Compounds in the Product Oil of Pyrolysis Using Synthetic Hydrotalcite

N. Morita, T. Wajima, and H. Nakagome
Abstract—Polystyrene plastic samples containing brominated flame-retardants (BR-PS) were pyrolyzed at 400 C using hydrotalcite to reduce the content of bromine compounds in the oil produced, in comparison with using sand, zeolite-4A, and zeolite-13X. The bromine plastic sample was prepared by mixing tetrabromobisphenol A and polystyrene, and added to a glass reactor, together with hydrotalcite, sand, zeolite-4A, or zeolite-13X. The product oil obtained by pyrolysis at 400 C from the BR-PS was mainly composed of aromatic compounds, such as benzene, heptane, and toluene, and two bromine compounds, 2-methyl-2-bromopentane and 3-bromopropane. The product oil obtained using hydrotalcite contained aromatic compounds with low molecular weight, and bromine compounds were not detected. In comparison with the use of sea sand and molecular sieves, the amount of bromine compounds in residue decreased in the order of hydrotalcite > molecular sieves 13X > molecular sieves 4A > sand. Hydrotalcite thus trapped bromine in residue during the pyrolysis of BR-PS.

Index Terms—Flame retardants, Polystyrene, Bromine compounds, hydrotalcite, pyrolysis.

Naoyuki Morita is with the Department of Urban Environment Systems, Graduate School of Engineering, Chiba University, Japan (e-mail: Naoyuki_Morita@chiba-u.ne.jp).

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Cite: N. Morita, T. Wajima, and H. Nakagome, "Reduction in Content of Bromine Compounds in the Product Oil of Pyrolysis Using Synthetic Hydrotalcite," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 262-266, 2015.

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