General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, CABI, DOAJ, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, ProQuest, and Crossref
    • E-mail: ijcea@ejournal.net
  • Dec 06, 2017 News! Vol.8, No.6 has been published with online version. 9 peer reviewed papers are published in this issue.   [Click]
  • Oct 16, 2017 News! The papers published in Vol.8, No.4-5 have all received dois from Crossref.
Editor-in-chief
Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan
 

IJCEA 2015 Vol.6(5): 331-340 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2015.V6.505

Low Carbon Footprint TiO2 Substitutes in Paint: A Review

M. J. A. Ruszala, N. A. Rowson, L. M. Grover, and R. A. Choudhery
Abstract—Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is one of the most efficient light scattering pigments known to man, and as a result it is widely used to deliver opacity, especially in paint formulations. However, due to the cost of TiO2, dwindling resources, and an energy intensive manufacturing process which produces undesirable by-products, substitutes are required to maintain a source of white pigment in the future and to comply with changing sustainability legislation. Many substitutes exist, including kaolin (both untreated and calcined), and hollow latex spheres. These, along with other alternatives, are reviewed.

Index Terms—Opacity, paint, pigments, titanium dioxide.

M. J. A. Ruszala is with the University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom B15 2TT, and AkzoNobel, Wexham Rd, Slough, United Kingdom SL2 5DS (e-mail: mjr178@bham.ac.uk).
N. A. Rowson and L. M. Grover are with the University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom B15 2TT.
R. A. Choudhery is with AkzoNobel, Wexham Rd, Slough, United Kingdom SL2 5DS.

[PDF]

Cite: M. J. A. Ruszala, N. A. Rowson, L. M. Grover, and R. A. Choudhery, "Low Carbon Footprint TiO2 Substitutes in Paint: A Review," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 331-340, 2015.

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