General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221 (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Chem. Eng. Appl.
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Jennifer X. Zeng
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, CABI, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, ProQuest,  Crossref, EBSCO.
    • E-mail: ijcea@ejournal.net
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Editor-in-chief
Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan
 

IJCEA 2015 Vol.6(5): 363-366 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2015.V6.510

Application of QuEChERS Pesticide Multiresidue Method in Traditional Saudi Medicine and Analysis by Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry

A. Al-Othman, Sherif H. Abd-Alrahman, and Nasser Al-Daghri
Abstract—The Quick Easy Cheap Effective Rugged and Safe multiresidue method (QuEChERS) has been validated for the extraction of 9 organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in different matrices of traditional Saudi medicine plants (TSMP). The nine OCPs were hexachlorohexane isomers (HCH, including α-BHC, β-BHC, γ-BHC,), heptachlor, heptachlor-epoxide, and DDT derivatives (o,p-DDE, p,p-DDE, o,p-DDT, p,p-DDT). The method employed a rapid, simple and cost effective procedure. The spiking levels for the recovery experiments were 0.1, 0.5 and 2.0 mg kg-1. Mean recoveries mostly ranged from 82.0% to 104.0% (93.0% on average), while the linearity for 9 OCPs, in the working standard solutions of six concentration levels between 1 and 100 ng/ml, varied from 0.989 to 0.999. Precision, expressed as relative standard deviation (RSD) were generally below 10% (4.72% on average). Based on these results, the methodology was shown to be robust and highly efficient and thus, suitable for monitoring MRL compliance in a wide range of commodity. The contamination status of 9 OCPs on different TSMPs fenugreek, ginger cloves and cinnamon marketed in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Among a total of 48 samples which were also tested using a previously validated method, 31.0% (15 samples) contained at least one of the 9 pesticides. We conclude that QuEChERS is a valid method suitable for investigate of OCPs residues in TSMPs.

Index Terms—Organochlorine pesticides, QuEChERS, medicinal plant, Saudi Arabia.

A. Al-Othman and Nasser Al-Daghri are with the Prince Mutaib Chair for Biomarkers of Osteoporosis, King Saud University PO Box 2455, Riyadh, 11451, Saudi Arabia; College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University; King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia (e-mail: aalothman @ksu.edu.sa, ndaghri@ksu.edu.sa).
Sherif H. Abd-Alrahman is with the Biomarkers Research Program, King Saud University, PO Box 2455, Riyadh, 11451, Saudi Arabia.;Pesticides Residues and Environmental Pollution Dept., Central Agricultural Pesticide Laboratory, Agricultural Research Center, Giza 12618, Egypt (e-mail: drsherif_hussein@yahoo.com).

[PDF]

Cite: A. Al-Othman, Sherif H. Abd-Alrahman, and Nasser Al-Daghri, "Application of QuEChERS Pesticide Multiresidue Method in Traditional Saudi Medicine and Analysis by Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 363-366, 2015.

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E-mail: ijcea@ejournal.net
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