General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Eldin W. C. Lim
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, CABI, DOAJ, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, Engineering & Technology Digital Library, ProQuest, and Crossref
    • E-mail: ijcea@ejournal.net
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Editor-in-chief
Dr. Eldin W. C. Lim
Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering,
National University of Singapore, Singapore
IJCEA 2016 Vol.7(3): 161-164 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2016.V7.563

The Impact of Heat Transfer on Glucose Generation and Degradation with Instant Heating and Slow Heating Technologies

Harun Sarip, Mohd Azemi Mohd Noor, and Karim Allaf
Abstract—The impact of fast and slow heating during non-isothermal hydrolysis stage of crude sago starch was compared between DIC system (direct steam injection) against DAH system (external heating source). Heating process, glucose and glucose degradation products was quantified and modelled after the first order kinetic reaction. Rate constant, h was obtained from a numerical model fitted into kinetic data. hDIC was 45 min-1 and 33 min-1 at 130°C and 150°C respectively, while hDAH was 0.565 min-1 and 0.725 min-1 at respective temperature. Relative rate hDIC/hDAH was 79.7 and 45.5 at respective temperature. Glucose generation rate during non-isothermal stage was 6.0 mg/s and 1.03 mg/s for respective DIC and DAH system. Total glucose degradation products at the end of non-isothermal stage were 0.4 mg (DIC) and 20.5 mg (DAH). It is concluded that DIC system having potential as a pre-treatment system to optimize glucose generation while controlling its degradation.

Index Terms—Kinetic, glucose, non-isothermal, hydrolysis.

Harun Sarip and Mohamad Azemi Mohd Noor are with Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, based in Chemical Engineering Campus in Melaka, Malaysia (e-mail: harun@unikl.edu.my, drazemi@unikl.edu.my). Karim Allaf is with Université de La Rochelle, France (e-mail: kallaf@univ-lr-fr).

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Cite: Harun Sarip, Mohd Azemi Mohd Noor, and Karim Allaf, "The Impact of Heat Transfer on Glucose Generation and Degradation with Instant Heating and Slow Heating Technologies," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 161-164, 2016.

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