General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, CABI, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, ProQuest, and Crossref
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Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan

IJCEA 2016 Vol.7(5): 295-298 ISSN: 2010-0221
doi: 10.18178/ijcea.2016.7.5.592

Kinetics of Free Fatty Acid Esterification in Used Cooking Oil Using Hypercrosslinked Exchange Resin as Catalyst

Sumaiya Zainal Abidin, Goran Vladisavljevic, and Basudeb Saha
Abstract—A kinetic study of free fatty acid esterification was carried out using Purolite D5081 as a catalyst. Esterification reaction was carried out using 1.25% (w/w) catalyst loading, 6:1 methanol to oil feed mole ratio, 350 rpm stirring speed and reaction temperatures ranging from 323 - 335 K. The experimental data from the esterification reaction were fitted to three kinetic models: Pseudo Homogeneous (PH), Eley-Rideal(ER) and Langmuir-Hinshelwood-Hougen-Watson (LHHW) models. A built-in ODE45 solver in MATLAB 7.0 was used to numerically integrate the differential molar balances describing the concentration of FFA in the system. The influence of temperature on the kinetic constants was determined by fitting the results to the Arrhenius equation. Experimental data were successfully fitted by the PH model and a good agreement between the experimental and the calculated moles of FFA were observed for all the experimental data points. The activation energies for the esterification and hydrolysis reactions were found to be 53 and 107 kJ/mol, respectively. These results proved that the hydrolysis reverse reaction requires more energy to occur as compared to esterification reaction, hence validated the proposed model.

Index Terms—Biodiesel, esterification, free fatty acids, kinetic modeling.

Sumaiya Zainal Abidin is with the Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering & Centre of Excellence for Advanced Research in Fluid Flow (CARIFF), Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Lebuhraya Tun Razak, 26300 Gambang, Kuantan, Pahang Darul Makmur, Malaysia (e-mail:
Goran Vladisavljevic was with the Department of Chemical Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, United Kingdom (e-mail:
Basudeb Saha is with the Department of Applied Science, Faculty of Engineering, Science and Built Environment, London South Bank University, London, SE 0AA, United Kingdom (e-mail:


Cite: Sumaiya Zainal Abidin, Goran Vladisavljevic, and Basudeb Saha, "Kinetics of Free Fatty Acid Esterification in Used Cooking Oil Using Hypercrosslinked Exchange Resin as Catalyst," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 295-298, 2016.

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