General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
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Editor-in-chief
Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan
 

IJCEA 2017 Vol.8(3): 184-188 ISSN: 2010-0221
doi: 10.18178/ijcea.2017.8.3.653

Development of the Technology of Poultry Litter Treatment into Organic Fertilizer through Its Decontamination by the Low-Temperature Pyrolysis Method

R. L. Isemin, A. V. Mikhalev, O. Y. Milovanov, L. V. Stepantsova, and V. A. Solopov
Abstract—Dry poultry waste can be used as a valuable fertilizer for seedbed preparation and spring fertilizing of winter crops. One of the major limitations for the direct application of organic waste in the soil is the presence of conditionally pathogenic and pathogenic microorganisms, preserving viability and virulence for a long time. The low-temperature pyrolysis of pelleted litter mass at 250° C and treatment time of 60 min. allows for complete decontamination of this type of waste. Reducing the pyrolysis temperature to 155 ° C even when the treatment time was 60 min. did not fully decontaminate the litter mass. There was also a series of experiments on the use of pelleted litter mass subjected to low-temperature pyrolysis for 1 hour at 250 ° C as a fertilizer. It was found that by introducing these pellets into the soil in an amount of 2 tons/ha, the barley yield increased by 16.2%; the timing of fruit formation of the tomato variety "Krasavets" reduced from 70 to 62 days from the start of germination, and the starting date of ripening decreased from 95 to 82 days; the yield of "Santana" potato variety increased by 36.5% up to 62 tons/ha.

Index Terms—Organic fertilizer, pathogenic organisms, poultry litter, pyrolysis.

R. L. Isemin and A. V. Mikhalev are with the Tambov State Technical University, Tambov, Sovetskaya st., 106, Russia (e-mail: penergy@ list.ru).
O. Y. Milovanov is with the Clean Energy, Tambov, Michurinskaya st., 112 I, Russia (e-mail: penergy@ list.ru).
L. V. Stepantsova and V. A. Solopov are with the Michurinsk State Agrarian University, Michurinsk, Internationalnaya st. 101, Russia (e-mail: solopov@mgau.ru).

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Cite: R. L. Isemin, A. V. Mikhalev, O. Y. Milovanov, L. V. Stepantsova, and V. A. Solopov, "Development of the Technology of Poultry Litter Treatment into Organic Fertilizer through Its Decontamination by the Low-Temperature Pyrolysis Method," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 184-188, 2017.

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