General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
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Editor-in-chief
Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan
 

IJCEA 2017 Vol.8(6): 387-391 ISSN: 2010-0221
doi: 10.18178/ijcea.2017.8.6.689

Physical Effects of Pre-Hydrolysis and Alkali Treatment of Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) Fibers

Mohammad Aliff Shakir, Mohd Firdaus Yhaya, and Mardiana Idayu Ahmad
Abstract—This study focused on the physical effects of pre-hydrolysis and alkali treatment of empty fruit bunch (EFB) fibers collected from one of oil palm industry in Penang Malaysia. The pre-hydrolysis times used were 20 min, 40 min, 60 min, and 80 min. While for alkali treatment, duration of 2 hours was applied by using 17%, 22%, 27% and 32% of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) treatment. From this study it was found that the amount of extractives being removed was increased with the increasing of time, while the hemicellulose content was decreased. In addition, lignin content was reduced when high concentration of alkali charge was used. Moreover, the longer the pre-hydrolysis time, the greater the loss of hemicellulose, which subsequently increased the size of capillary. Also, gradual removal of lignin during the pulping process caused reduction of fiber length and pore structures in the fibers. Thus it can be said, from this study continuous treatment (pre-hydrolysis and alkali treatment) was found to increase the performance of the fibers up to a certain limit before declining.

Index Terms—Pre-hydrolysis, alkali treatment, empty fruit bunch fibers, hemicellulose, lignin.

Mohammad Aliff Shakir, Mohd Firdaus Yhaya, and Mardiana Idayu Ahmad are with the Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia (e-mail: {alip6001, laxmia707, drmia707}@gmail.com).

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Cite: Mohammad Aliff Shakir, Mohd Firdaus Yhaya, and Mardiana Idayu Ahmad, "Physical Effects of Pre-Hydrolysis and Alkali Treatment of Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) Fibers," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 387-391, 2017.

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