General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, CABI, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, ProQuest, and Crossref
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  • May 30, 2018 News! Vol.9, No.3 has been published with online version. 6 peer reviewed papers are published in this issue.   [Click]
  • Mar 02, 2018 News! Vol.9, No.1 has been published with online version. 6 peer reviewed papers are published in this issue.   [Click]
Editor-in-chief
Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan
 

IJCEA 2018 Vol.9(1): 32-37 ISSN: 2010-0221
doi: 10.18178/ijcea.2018.9.1.695

Multi-stage Microwave-assisted Transesterification of Soybean Oil – An Economic Design for High Yield Biodiesel Production

Chien-Hsiu Hung, Ying Ming Chew, Yi-Chung Fu, and Chin-Shuh Chen
Abstract—A multi-stage microwave-assisted transesterification apparatus for biodiesel production is designed by connecting a microwave to a low-pressure reactor to form a flow-through microwave’s circulation reaction system. After each stage of reaction, the mixture is centrifuged to expel glycerol phase and transferred to the reactor for subsequent reaction stages, namely Stage II to V. Refilling tests of different reactants are operated with four conditions (Condition A – D). Among these conditions, Condition B, C and D can produce high FAME yield (100%) since Stage II. With persistent refilling of reactants, as Condition C, the reactions can be performed for at least five stages with a steady SBO amounts (approximately 0.1 mole) and low surplus rates of oil (5 to 8%). The reaction time can be shortened to 6 minutes, with 3 minutes’ intermittent microwave irradiation. This study has demonstrated that multi-stage microwave-assisted transesterification is effective, feasible, and affordable for scale-up biodiesel production.

Index Terms—Microwave-assisted transesterification, multi-stage, circulation system, fatty acid methyl ester, soybean oil.

Chien-Hsiu Hung, Ying Ming Chew, Yi-Chung Fu, and Chin-Shuh Chen are with National Chung Hsing University /Department of Food Science & Biotechnology, Taichung, Taiwan R. O. C. (e-mail: chhung1212@gmail.com,chesmir@hotmail.com, n1212x@hotmail.com, cschen@mail.nchu.edu.tw).

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Cite: Chien-Hsiu Hung, Ying Ming Chew, Yi-Chung Fu, and Chin-Shuh Chen, "Multi-stage Microwave-assisted Transesterification of Soybean Oil – An Economic Design for High Yield Biodiesel Production," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 32-37, 2018.

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