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    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
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Editor-in-chief
Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan
 

IJCEA 2018 Vol.9(5): 176-179 ISSN: 2010-0221
doi: 10.18178/ijcea.2018.9.5.722

Environmentally Friendly Fuel by n-Heptane Isomerization: Kinetics of Catalyst Deactivation

Aizaz Mateen, Faisal M. Alotaibi, and Muhammad R. Usman
Abstract—Stringent environmental regulations demand reduced amounts of aromatics in a gasoline fuel. The aromatics have high octane rating and therefore by removing them from a gasoline fuel substantially decreases the quality of the gasoline. One way to improve the octane rating of heavy normal alkanes present in heavy naphtha, without converting them into aromatics, is to isomerize them over an acidic catalyst. Zeolites are acidic catalysts that are highly efficient for the isomerization reactions. In the present study, n-heptane is taken as a model component of heavy naphtha and kinetics of the deactivation of different Y zeolite catalysts during the hydroisomerization reaction is studied. Various deactivation rate laws are tested against the experimental data and the best-fit rate law is worked out. Relatively low activation energies for the deactivation process are obtained showing temperature has little effect on the rate of deactivation for the conditions studied in the present work.

Index Terms—Deactivation, zeolite Y, hydroisomerization, naphtha, isomerized gasoline.

A. Mateen is with Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of the Punjab, Lahore 54590, Pakistan (e-mail: aizaz_mateen@yahoo.com).
Faisal. M. Alotaibi is with King Abdulazeez City for Science and Technology (KACST), Riyadh 11442, Saudi Arabia (e-mail: fmsalotaibi@kacst.edu.sa).
M. R. Usman is with Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan and Department of Petroleum and Chemical Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat 123, Oman (e-mail: mrashidusn@squ.edu.om).

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Cite: Aizaz Mateen, Faisal M. Alotaibi, and Muhammad R. Usman, "Environmentally Friendly Fuel by n-Heptane Isomerization: Kinetics of Catalyst Deactivation," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 176-179, 2018.

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