General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221 (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Chem. Eng. Appl.
    • Frequency: Quarterly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Jennifer X. Zeng
    • Abstracting/ Indexing:  CNKI, Google Scholar, EBSCO, ProQuest,  Crossref, etc.
    • Email: ijcea@ejournal.net
  • Sep 29, 2022 News! Vol.13, No.4 has been published with online version.   [Click]
  • Apr 25, 2022 News! Vol.13, No.2 has been published with online version.   [Click]
Editor-in-chief
Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan
 

IJCEA 2019 Vol.10(1): 5-9 ISSN: 2010-0221
doi: 10.18178/ijcea.2019.10.1.731

Study of Acid Treatment Conditions on the Water and Moisture Absorbency of Coconut Coir

Nilofar Asim, Mohamad Hassan Amin, and Kamaruzzaman Sopian
Abstract—The influence of chemical treatment on the properties of lignocellulosic fibers has been reported in many studies. This work analyzes the effect of acid treatment on the water and moisture absorbency of coconut coir. Multiple acidic treatment conditions have been considered for coconut coir via Design of Experimental (DOE) software to optimize its treatment and ensure maximum water and moisture absorbency. The compositional and structural changes of the treated samples were determined using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-Ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), and Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The optimized acidic condition led to a treated coconut coir with only an 8% increment of water absorption, and a ~13% decrease of moisture absorption. Based on the results, acidic treatment is unsuitable for increasing coconut coir’s water and moisture absorbency.

Index Terms—Acid treatment, water absorbency, coconut coir.

Nilofar Asim and Kamaruzzaman Sopian are with Solar Energy Research Institute, National University of Malaysia, Malaysia (e-mail: nilofarasim@ukm.edu.my; asimnilofar@gmail.com). Mohamad Hassan Amin is with Centre for Advanced Materials & Industrial Chemistry, School of Science, RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC 3001, Australia.

[PDF]

Cite: Nilofar Asim, Mohamad Hassan Amin, and Kamaruzzaman Sopian, "Study of Acid Treatment Conditions on the Water and Moisture Absorbency of Coconut Coir," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 5-9, 2019.

Copyright © 2008-2022. International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications. All rights reserved
E-mail: ijcea@ejournal.net