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    • ISSN: 2010-0221 (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Chem. Eng. Appl.
    • Frequency: Quarterly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
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Editor-in-chief
Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan
 

IJCEA 2019 Vol.10(1): 24-28 ISSN: 2010-0221
doi: 10.18178/ijcea.2019.10.1.734

Natural Indicator for Acid-Base Titration from Thai Yellow Flower Extracts

Naruwan Pattarapongdilok, Primpak Malichim, Natthaphol Simmee, and Jirapast Sichaem
Abstract—This study was aimed at investigating the efficiency of extract indicators from three yellow flowers in Thailand (Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn., Crotalaria juncea L. and Sesbania javanica Miq.). The flowers were extracted with deionized water and evaporated in order to get dried extracts. The flower extracts (5% w/w) were prepared as indicator. In the primary experiment, the flower extracts were tested in order to determine their indicator property using three types of solutions, different pH, buffer solutions, HCl/NaOH solutions and CH3COOH/NaOH solutions. The results show that the colors will be changed in basic solution. Then, the indicator activities of flower extracts were used in acid-base titration in which a strong base was used as a titrant and the results were compared using a standard indicator, phenolphthalein. The results suggest that the flower extracts can be used as an alternative indicator for strong acid (HCl) – strong base (NaOH) titration and weak acid (CH3COOH) – strong base (NaOH) titrations. The color of solution will be changed from light brown to dark brown for A. auriculiformis A. Cunn., and transformed from light brown into yellow for C. juncea L. and S. javanica Miq. when the solutions have more basicity. The color changes were clear and sharp when the strength of NaOH solution was increased. Therefore, the use of these flowers’ extracts as indicators is their new application which can be applied in the chemistry class because these natural indicators are safe, cheap and easy to prepare.

Index Terms—Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn., Crotalaria juncea L., Sesbania javanica Miq., acid-base titration, natural indicator.

Naruwan Pattarapongdilok is with Chemistry Program, Department of Science, Faculty of Science and Technology, Bansomdejchaopraya Rajabhat University, Bangkok 10600, Thailand (e-mail: olinpoo@gmail.com).
Primpak Malichim and Natthaphol Simmee were with Science Program, Faculty of Education, Bansomdejchaopraya Rajabhat University, Bangkok 10600, Thailand (e-mail: primpak31@gmail.com, natthaphon603@gmail.com).
Jirapast Sichaem is with Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Thammasat University Lampang Center, Lampang 52190, Thailand (e-mail: jirapast.s@gmail.com).

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Cite: Naruwan Pattarapongdilok, Primpak Malichim, Natthaphol Simmee, and Jirapast Sichaem, "Natural Indicator for Acid-Base Titration from Thai Yellow Flower Extracts," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 24-28, 2019.

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