General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221 (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Chem. Eng. Appl.
    • Frequency: Quarterly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Jennifer X. Zeng
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Editor-in-chief
Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan
 

IJCEA 2019 Vol.10(4): 114-120 ISSN: 2010-0221
doi: 10.18178/ijcea.2019.10.4.752

Synergistic Extraction of Cd, Cu and Ni with D2EHPA/TBP: Screening of Factors by Fractional Factorial Design

L. Y. Lee, N. Morad, N. Ismail, and M. Rafatullah
Abstract—This work aimed to determine the significant factors that provide great impacts on the efficiency of synergistic extraction of Cd, Cu and Ni from mixed synthetic aqueous solutions with mixture of extractants, di-(2-ethylhexyl) phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) and tributyl phosphate (TBP) by using two-level fractional factorial design. Six factors affecting the synergistic extraction consisted of mixing time (t), concentration of D2EHPA [D2EHPA], concentration of TBP [TBP], concentration of sodium sulphate [Na2SO4], equilibrium pH (pHeq) and organic to aqueous ratio (O:A) were examined. Results from the application of 26-1 fractional factorial design showed that [D2EHPA], O:A and interaction of D2EHPA with TBP ([D2EHPA] × [TBP]) have significantly influenced the extraction percentage (E%) for Cd and Cu.

Index Terms—Synergistic extraction, heavy metal separation, liquid-liquid extraction, screening, fractional factorial design.

L. Y. Lee, N. Morad, N. Ismail, and M. Rafatullah are with the Environmental Technology Division in the School of Industrial Technology, University Sains Malaysia (USM), Penang, Malaysia (e-mail: lly15_tec003@student.usm.my, nhashima@usm.my, norli@usm.my and mrafatullah@usm.my).

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Cite: L. Y. Lee, N. Morad, N. Ismail, and M. Rafatullah, "Synergistic Extraction of Cd, Cu and Ni with D2EHPA/TBP: Screening of Factors by Fractional Factorial Design," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 114-120, 2019.

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