General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221 (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Chem. Eng. Appl.
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Jennifer X. Zeng
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, CABI, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, ProQuest,  Crossref, EBSCO.
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Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan

IJCEA 2013 Vol.4(3): 153-156 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2013.V4.283

Yield Enhancement Strategies for Enhancement of Indole Alkaloids in Hairy Root Cultures of Catharanthus Roseus

D. Thakore, A. K. Srivastava, and A. K. Sinha
Abstract—Late exponential phase of hairy root cultures of Catharanthus roseus cultivated in a statistically optimized medium were treated with permeabilizing agents (DMSO, Triton X-100, n-hexadecane and Tween 80) to establish the effect of their concentrations and exposure time on the biomass and major alkaloid(ajmalicine) yield & productivity. The permeabilizing agents TritonX-100(0.1% v/v) and nhexadecane( 2%v/v) led to 98% increase in the specific yield of ajmalicine in the roots. Statistical techniques were used to determine the significance of various treatments and their response on the yield of the secondary metabolite. Both DMSO and Triton X-100 were found to be useful in effluxing ajmalicine into the medium resulting in a 12 fold and 16 fold increase respectively. The viability assay revealed the tolerance of the roots to all permeabilizing agents but tween 80.It can be concluded from the studies that permeabilizing factors were highly instrumental in enhancing the biomass and alkaloid concentrations and rates during the propagation of hairy root cultivation of Catharanthus roseus. Such a protocol of application of non lethal permeabilizing agents to leach out the key plant secondary metabolites can be extended to mass scale hairy root cultivation.

Index Terms—Catharanthus roseus, hairy root cultivation , permeabilization.

D. Thakore and A. K. Srivastava are with the Department of Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas‚ New Delhi-110016, India (e-mail: and )
K. Sinha is with National Institute of Plant Genome Research, New Delhi, India (e-mail


Cite:D. Thakore, A. K. Srivastava, and A. K. Sinha, "Yield Enhancement Strategies for Enhancement of Indole Alkaloids in Hairy Root Cultures of Catharanthus Roseus," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 153-156, 2013.

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