General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Eldin W. C. Lim
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, CABI, DOAJ, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, Engineering & Technology Digital Library, ProQuest, and Crossref
    • E-mail: ijcea@ejournal.net
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Editor-in-chief
Dr. Eldin W. C. Lim
Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering,
National University of Singapore, Singapore
IJCEA 2015 Vol.6(1): 42-48 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2015.V6.448

Reaction Model Correlation of the 2,3,5-Trimethyl-1,4-Benzoquinone Synthesis Using CuFe2O4 Nano-Powder as the Catalyst

Yenchun Liu, Maochieh Chi, and Chaoming Lin
Abstract—Copper ferrite nano-particles were successfully synthesized by microwave-induced combustion process using copper nitrate, iron nitrate and urea. The CuFe2O4 powders were found to be efficient catalysts in oxidizing 2,3,6-trimethylphenol (TMP) to 2,3,5-trimethylhydrogenquinone( TMHQ) and 2,3,5-trimethyl-1,4-benzoquinone(TMBQ) in acidic reaction conditions. Also, recovery of the catalyst was facilely achieved by simple magnetic decantation. Based on the experimental evidence, a pseudo-steady-state hypothesis (PSSH) was applied to the reaction system. The kinetic behaviors and the characteristics of the reaction were sufficiently described by the pseudo-first-order rate law. This investigation covers the effects on the yield of the product and the apparent rate constants (kapp,2) that result due to the reaction conditions, including agitation speed, amount of CuFe2O4 powder catalyst, amount of HCl, volume of water, amount of hydrogen peroxide, temperature, and organic solvents.

Index Terms—Copper ferrite, combustion process, 2,3,5-trimethyl-1,4-benzoquinone, oxidation, catalyst.

Yenchun Liu is with the Graduate School of Opto-Mechatronics and Materials, WuFeng University, Chiayi County, 621 Taiwan (e-mail: blliu@wfu.edu.tw).
Maochieh Chi is with the Department of Fire Science, WuFeng University, Chiayi County, 621 Taiwan (e-mail: jackchi@wfu.edu.tw). Chaoming Lin is with the Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering, Chiayi University, Chiayi City, 600 Taiwan (e-mail: cmlin@mail.ncyu.edu.tw).

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Cite: Yenchun Liu, Maochieh Chi, and Chaoming Lin, "Reaction Model Correlation of the 2,3,5-Trimethyl-1,4-Benzoquinone Synthesis Using CuFe2O4 Nano-Powder as the Catalyst," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 42-48, 2015.

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