General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Jennifer X. Zeng
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  • Mar 18, 2019 News! The papers published in Vol.9, No.1-No. 6 have all received dois from Crossref.
  • Mar 18, 2019 News! The papers published in Vol.8, No.6 have all received dois from Crossref.
Editor-in-chief
Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan
 

IJCEA 2018 Vol.9(6): 189-193 ISSN: 2010-0221
doi: 10.18178/ijcea.2018.9.6.725

Simulation of Biomass Gasification with Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell System

W. Mungkalasiri and J. Mungkalasiri
Abstract—The rapid growth increases the threat of global climate change. Biomass is a potential alternative to fossil fuel due to environmentally friendly fuel source. Therefore, power generation from biomass gasification integrated with fuel cell system is studied in this work. The objectives are to determine the amount of biomass feed needed to produce power output of 50 kW and the optimal operating conditions of both gasification process and proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell. The power output of the system is targeted in order to determine the amount of hydrogen required for the PEM fuel cell. The operating conditions of PEM fuel cell are varied in terms of temperature, pressure, and relative humidity (RH). The amount of hydrogen is used to determine the amount of feed required via the biomass gasification modeled by the Aspen plus programs. The parameters that are studied include gasifier temperature, air to biomass ratio, and steam to biomass ratio. The results shown that optimal operating conditions of PEM fuel cell (50 kW) are 120oC, 3 atm and 100%RH and the hydrogen required is 2.320 kg/hr, whereas the optimal operating conditions of biomass gasification are 800oC gasifier temperature, 2.0 air to biomass ratio, and 2.0 steam to biomass ratio with biomass feed of 27.641 kg/hr.

Index Terms—Biomass gasification, power generation, process simulation, proton exchange membrane fuel cell.

W. Mungkalasiri is with the Chemical Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Thammasat Univesity, Thailand (e-mail: pworanee@engr.tu.ac.th).
J. Mungkalasiri is with the MTEC, National Science and Technology Development Agency, Thailand (e-mail: jitti.mungkalasiri@nstda.or.th).

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Cite: W. Mungkalasiri and J. Mungkalasiri, "Simulation of Biomass Gasification with Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell System," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 189-193, 2018.

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