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    • ISSN: 2010-0221 (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Chem. Eng. Appl.
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
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Editor-in-chief
Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan
 

IJCEA 2020 Vol.11(1): 29-33 ISSN: 2010-0221
doi: 10.18178/ijcea.2020.11.1.775

Study of Zirconium and Ammonium Perchlorate Based Igniter for Composite Solid Base Bleed Propellant

Amir Mukhtar, Habib Nasir, and Badar Rashid
Abstract—Ammonium perchlorate and hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (AP/HTPB) based solid composite base bleed (BB) propellant is used in BB units of modern artillery projectiles. An igniter is very vital part of BB unit for ignition and reignition of BB grain of projectile after muzzle exit. Very high energy igniter compositions based on Ammonium perchlorate (AP) and Zirconium (Zr) were developed with and without gum arabic as binder. Different ratios of Zr/AP were studied for pressure-time (P-t) curve, pressure maximum (Pmax), rate of change of pressure (dP/dt), time to reach Pmax (tPmax), calorific value, and burning rate. It was observed that composition Z-7 with 50 wt. % of Zr and 50 wt. % AP having 6.5 wt. % of binder (additional) gave good burning rate, Pmax, dP/dt and heat of reaction. Selected composition was filled in igniter cups and of igniter bodied developed for BB unit of 155 mm Extended Range Base Bleed (ERBB) artillery projectile. Several igniters were fired by electronic ignition to recording burning time, igniter mass burning rate and ignition consistency.

Index Terms—Ammonium perchlorate, closed vessel, base bleed, zirconium.

Amir Mukhtar is with the School of Chemical and Materials Engineering, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad-44000, Pakistan (e-mail: amirmukhtar@scme.nust.edu.pk).
Habib Nasir is with School of Natural Sciences, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad-44000, Pakistan (e-mail: habibnasir@sns.nust.edu.pk).
Badar Rashid is with Wah Engineering College, University of Wah, Wah Cantonment-47040, Pakistan (e-mail: seebadar@yahoo.com).

[PDF]

Cite: Amir Mukhtar, Habib Nasir, and Badar Rashid, "Study of Zirconium and Ammonium Perchlorate Based Igniter for Composite Solid Base Bleed Propellant," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 29-33, 2020.

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