General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Eldin W. C. Lim
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, CABI, DOAJ, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, Engineering & Technology Digital Library, ProQuest, and Crossref
    • E-mail: ijcea@ejournal.net
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Editor-in-chief
Dr. Eldin W. C. Lim
Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering,
National University of Singapore, Singapore
IJCEA 2015 Vol.6(4): 237-242 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2015.V6.488

Theoretical Study on Current-Voltage Characteristics of Oxygen Reduction Reaction near Platinum Surfaces

Sawanya Suwannawong, Kentaro Doi, and Satoyuki Kawano
Abstract—Recently, developments of alternative materials for energy sources are particularly required to overcome the environmental problems arising from the excessive use of fossil fuel. Proton-exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are one of the most attractive research fields due to its capability of both stationary and portable applications at low working temperature. On the other hand, the low efficiency and high cost of PEMFCs prevent its commercial use. One of the serious problems is a catalytic activity of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), which determines the slowest reaction rate. Herein, a previous theoretical study is applied to ORR near Pt surfaces in PEMFCs. The electronic structures of Pt clusters with an adsorbed O2 molecule are optimized by using the density functional theory (DFT) and I-V characteristics are also analyzed. Our model can provide a different aspect of the dissociative adsorption process. The computational results are verified in comparison with the previous data.

Index Terms—Proton-exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs), oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), I-V characteristics.

Sawanya Suwannawong, Kentaro Doi, and Satoyuki Kawano are with the Department of Mechanical Science and Bioengineering, Graduate School of Engineering Science, Osaka University, 1-3 Machikaneyama, Toyonaka, Osaka, 560-8531, Japan (e-mail: kawano@me.es.osaka-u.ac.jp).

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Cite: Sawanya Suwannawong, Kentaro Doi, and Satoyuki Kawano, "Theoretical Study on Current-Voltage Characteristics of Oxygen Reduction Reaction near Platinum Surfaces," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 237-242, 2015.

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