General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Eldin W. C. Lim
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
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Editor-in-chief
Dr. Eldin W. C. Lim
Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering,
National University of Singapore, Singapore
IJCEA 2017 Vol.8(1): 10-15 ISSN: 2010-0221
doi: 10.18178/ijcea.2017.8.1.623

Influence of Surfactant Concentration in the Emulsions on the Process of Oleophilic/Hydrophobic Porous Medium Imbibition

Olga S. Shtyka and Jerzy P. Sęk
Abstract—The spontaneous imbibition has been a subject of the scientific interest being a background process for numerous industrial technologies and occurring in the natural environment. In literature the experimental and theoretical results regarding this phenomenon describe the media imbibition with single-phase liquids and the relation between the process rate and media characteristics. The imbibition of oleophilic/hydrophobic porous structures with two-phase liquids, only one phase of which was wetting, is an objective of the current publication. The main purpose is to estimate the influence of both the dispersed phase concentration and surfactant fraction on the discussed process. The imbibition rate was investigated during model experiments with stabilized oil-in-water emulsions, which had dispersed phase concentrations of 10 vol%, 30 vol%, and 50.vol%. The prepared emulsions differed by the fraction of the added surfactant, i.e. 1.vol%, 2.vol%, and 5 vol%. The obtained results allowed to conclude that at the him≥0.02 m, the dispersed phase concentration and viscosity decreased versus the height. However, the raise of the surfactant fraction caused the increase of mass and height of the imbibed emulsions in porous medium. Moreover, it provided the increase of viscosity and the change of emulsions behaviour as a liquid.

Index Terms—Emulsion, imbibition, porous medium, surfactant.

O. S. Shtyka was with the National Aviation University, Kyiv 03058, Ukraine. She is now with the Lodz University of Technology, Lodz 90-924, (e-mail: olga.shtyka@edu.p.lodz.pl).
J. P. Sęk is with the Lodz University of Technology, Lodz 90-924. He was with the Delft University of Technology, 2628 CD Delft, Netherlands and the University of Groningen, 9700 AB Groningen, Netherlands (e-mail: jerzy.sek@p.lodz.pl).

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Cite: Olga S. Shtyka and Jerzy P. Sęk, "Influence of Surfactant Concentration in the Emulsions on the Process of Oleophilic/Hydrophobic Porous Medium Imbibition," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 10-15, 2017.

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