General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
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Editor-in-chief
Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan
 

IJCEA 2017 Vol.8(6): 355-356 ISSN: 2010-0221
doi: 10.18178/ijcea.2017.8.6.683

Life Cycle Assessment of Biodiesel Production from Microalgae: A Mass and Energy Balance Approach in Order to Compare Conventional with in Situ Transesterification

Gorkem Uctug, Divya Naginlal Modi, and Ferda Mavituna
Abstract—The aim of this work was to perform life cycle analyses (LCA) based on detailed process mass and energy balances for the production of biodiesel from microalgae in order to compare the conventional transesterification with in situ transesterification. GaBi software was used to perform the LCA. The material balances revealed that a slightly lower biodiesel yield was obtained for in situ transesterification process (5.06 kg/day) when compared to the conventional one (5.5 kg/day). GaBi results showed that the global warming potential (GWP) of the conventional transesterification process was higher than in situ transesterification by 140 kg CO2 equivalent (per tonne of biodiesel produced). No substantial difference was noted however, for acidification (4.15 vs. 4.34 kg SO2 equivalent), eutrophication (0.641 to 0.666 kg PO4- equivalent) and human toxicity potential (72.3 vs. 77 kg dichlorobenzene equivalent) between the two processes per kg of biodiesel produced. The results of the LCA analysis also show that electricity production was the major contributor for all the environmental impacts. When both the global warming potential and biodiesel yield were taken into account, it could be concluded that biodiesel production via in situ transesterification was a better option.

Index Terms—Biodiesel, environmental impact, life cycle analysis, microalgae, transesterification.

Gorkem Uctug is with the Izmir University of Economics, Faculty of Engineering and Computer Science, Turkey (e-mail: gorkem.uctug@ieu.edu.tr).
Ferda Mavituna and Divya Naginlal Modi are with the University of Manchester, School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science, Turkey (e-mail: ferda.mavituna@manchester.ac.uk, divya.naginlal@gmail.com).

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Cite: Gorkem Uctug, Divya Naginlal Modi, and Ferda Mavituna, "Life Cycle Assessment of Biodiesel Production from Microalgae: A Mass and Energy Balance Approach in Order to Compare Conventional with in Situ Transesterification," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 355-356, 2017.

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