General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
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Editor-in-chief
Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan
 

IJCEA 2011 Vol.2(1): 8-11 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2011.V2.66

Tritium in the Environment of Gulf of Finnland

M. A. Kulkova, A. V. Davidochkina

Abstract—Tritium is a radioactive form of hydrogen, used in research, fusion reactors and neutron generators. The form of most concern, tritium oxide (HTO), is generally indistinguishable from normal water and can move rapidly through the environment in the same manner as water. The expanding construction of nuclear industrial plants and nuclear power stations on the shores of the Baltic Sea (Gulf of Finnland) is creating a real possibility for the introduction of radioactive wastes into the vegetation and the waters of Baltic Sea basin (Sea water, Ladoga Lake, St.Petersburg rivers). A low-level liquid scintillation system Quantulus 1220 (Wallac, Turku, Finland) and system for sample preparation Sample Oxidizer 307 (PerkinElmer) were used for measurements of vegetation and water samples from this region. Significant difference was observed on the distribution of tritium concentrations in different types of water, snow cover and vegetation of Finnish Bay basin.

Index Terms—Baltic Sea basin, Nuclear Power PlantsQuantulus 1220, tritium pollution.

M.A.Kulkova is with the Herzen State Pedagogical University, St.Petersburg, Russian Federation (corresponding author to provide phone:+7(812)3144796; fax: +7(812)3144784; e-mail: kulkova@ mail.ru).
A.B.Davidochkina is with the Herzen State Pedagogical University, St.Petersburg, Russian Federation (e-mail: skyrocketing@mail.ru).

[PDF]

Cite: M. A. Kulkova, A. V. Davidochkina, "Tritium in the Environment of Gulf of Finnland," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 8-11, 2011.

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