General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, CABI, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, ProQuest, and Crossref
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Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan

IJCEA 2011 Vol.2(2): 101-109 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2011.V2.84

Technical Sustainability of Biodiesel and Its Blends with Diesel in C.I. Engines: A Review

Shashi Kumar Jain, Sunil Kumar, and Alok Chaube

Abstract—This paper reviews the technical sustainability of biodiesel and its blends with diesel in C.I. engines. Besides exploring historical background of biodiesel production from vegetable oils, it also provides insight of different methodologies evolved for the conversion of vegetable oil in biodiesel. Properties of Jatropha biodiesel have been compared with the properties of petro-diesel; showing a comparable regime for satisfactory performance of a C.I. engine with biodiesel. Biodiesel reportedly has number of technical advantage over petro-diesel especially on safety and environmental considerations. Cold starting, clogging and storage are some serious technological disadvantages associated with biodiesel. Use of B100 (100% biodiesel) requires some modifications in injection timing and fuel pump. Slight increase in NOx emissions has been also reported. Higher maintenance is also reported with the use of biodiesel.

Index Terms—Biodiesel; C.I. engine; NOx emissions

Shashi Kumar Jain (Corresponding author) is Research Scholar with School of Energy and Environment Management at R.G.P.V., Bhopal –462 036, (M.P.), India. (Tel.: 0091-9893503505; Fax: 0091-755-2660461.Postal Address: #A – 32, Minal Residency, J. K. Road, Bhopal –462 023, (M.P.), India, E-mail: )
Dr. Sunil Kumar is Professor (Mechanical Engineering) at R.G.P.V., Bhopal – 462 036, (M.P.), India (E-mail:
Dr. Alok Chaube is Professor (Mechanical Engineering) at R.G.P.V.,Bhopal – 462 036, (M.P.), India( E-mail:


Cite: Shashi Kumar Jain, Sunil Kumar, and Alok Chaube, "Technical Sustainability of Biodiesel and Its Blends with Diesel in C.I. Engines: A Review," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 101-109, 2011.

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