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    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
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Editor-in-chief
Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan
 

IJCEA 2012 Vol.3(1): 1-5 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2012.V3.149

Benzene Adsorption from Dry and Humid Air on Activated Carbons from Japanese Cypress Wood Preparedby CO2 and K2CO3 Activation

Andrei Veksha, Md. Azhar Uddin, Eiji Sasaoka, and Yoshiei Kato

Abstract—Activated carbons (ACs) were prepared by physical (CO2) and chemical (K2CO3) activation of wood (Japanese cypress). Porous properties of the ACs, such as BET surface area and micropore volumes Vmic(N2) and Vmic(CO2), were characterized by N2 and CO2 adsorption isotherms. Short activation times caused formation of micropores with sizes smaller than 0.7 nm, which had a restricted access for N2 molecules. As a result, the ACs prepared through short activation time exhibited Vmic(N2) smaller than Vmic(CO2). The ACs were used for benzene adsorption at 5 ppmv concentration and relative humidities (RHs) of 0, 50 and 70 %. The largest benzene adsorption capacities at these RHs were exhibited by the AC prepared with K2CO3 activation at 800 °C. At RH 0 %, the benzene adsorption on the ACs was governed by Vmic(N2), when it was smaller than Vmic(CO2), and by Vmic(CO2), when it was smaller than Vmic(N2). The lower determination coefficients for the relationship between benzene uptake by the ACs and the volume of micropores at RHs 50 and 70 % compared to RH 0 % were attributed to the increased influence of surface chemistry of the ACs in the presence of moisture. In particular, the benzene adsorption at RHs 50 and 70 % was detrimentally affected by larger amounts of ash and surface oxygen groups.

Index Terms—Activated carbon, Benzene adsorption, CO2 activation, K2CO3 activation, Relative humidity.

The authors are with the Department of Material and Energy Science,Graduate School of Environmental Science, Okayama University, Okayama700-8530, Japan. (e-mail: vekshan@ yahoo.com; e-mail:alazhar@cc.okayama-u.ac.jp; e-mail: sasaoka@cheme.kyoto-u.ac.jp  e-mail:y-kato@cc.okayama-u.ac.jp).

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Cite: Andrei Veksha, Md. Azhar Uddin, Eiji Sasaoka, and Yoshiei Kato, "Benzene Adsorption from Dry and Humid Air on Activated Carbons from Japanese Cypress Wood Preparedby CO2 and K2CO3 Activation," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1-5, 2012.

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