General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, CABI, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, ProQuest, and Crossref
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Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan

IJCEA 2012 Vol.3(1): 76-80 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2012.V3.164

Physical Characterizations and Hardness of Polymers Obtained from Irradiated Benzoxazine Monomer

Sunan Tiptipakorn

Abstract—In this research, benzoxazine monomer was irradiated with gamma ray at various radiation doses, i.e. 0, 30, 100 and 300 kGy. The synthesized polymers were obtained by heating without need of catalyst. The curing behaviors of the radiated monomer and thermal stability of the synthesized polymer was observed and compared. The thermograms of differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) reveal that the radiation was able to reduce the energy consumption during polymerization. Furthermore, the temperature peak of polymerization of monomer was lower with increasing the radiation dose. At low radiation dose, the thermograms from thermogravimetric analysis reveal that there was no significant change of degradation temperature and char yield of the synthesized polymer, while the improvement of the degradation temperature and the increase in char yield were observed in the polymer synthesized from benzoxazine monomer radiated at 300 kGy. In addition, the results reveal that the amount of water uptake of polymers obtained from radiated monomer was significantly low, whereas the hardness of the polymer synthesized from monomer radiated at 300 kGy was higher than the polymer synthesized from non-radiated monomer.

Index Terms—Benzoxazine, gamma irradiation, hardness,water uptake.

Sunan Tiptipakorn is with the Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Liberal Arts and Science, Kasetsart University, Kamphaen Saen, Nakorn Pathom 73140 Thailand (e-mail:


Cite: Sunan Tiptipakorn, "Physical Characterizations and Hardness of Polymers Obtained from Irradiated Benzoxazine Monomer," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 76-80, 2012.

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