General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Eldin W. C. Lim
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
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Editor-in-chief
Dr. Eldin W. C. Lim
Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering,
National University of Singapore, Singapore
IJCEA 2012 Vol.3(2): 104-107 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2012.V3.169

Physicochemical of Bio-Oil from Three Residual Plants Produced by Continuous Pyrolysis Reactor

Kittiphop Promdee, Tharapong Vitidsant, Supot Vanpetch, and Peerapon Ruengvilairat

Abstract—Continuous pyrolysis process to produce bio-oil from three residual plants, conducted at a temperature range of 450-600°C, were to study the quality of bio-oil extracted from different residual plants were, 1) Oil palm empty fruit bunch [Rpt-1], 2) Water hyacinth [Rpt-2], and 3) Manila grass [Rpt-3]. The preliminary analyses of three residual plants found that the yield of bio-oil was averaging of medium range standard, and The proximate analysis of three residual plants extracted from three residual plants had good qualities because of low moisture content and high fixed carbon and high volatile matter. The element contents of three residual plants found that high carbon content. The analysis of bio-oil can found the heating values averages of bio-oil from [Rpt-2] and [Rpt-3] were difference from bio-oil obtained from [Rpt-1], both [Rpt-2] and [Rpt-3] held that there was in the Heating Value of high-level or better standards, especially bio-oil obtained from [Rpt-2] have a highest value averaging of 30.5 MJ/Kg. The amount of carbon in the bio-oil obtained from [Rpt-1], [Rpt-2] and [Rpt-3] were 55.91, 55.57, and 55.03 wt.%., respectively., carbon was relatively high in three residual plants. Hence; In this research are concerns the feeding rate, velocity of screw feeders, the control nitrogen flow, the temperatures in reactor and reactor operate for produce the hi quality of bio-oil with three residual plants.

Index Terms—Pyrolysis, bio-oil, oil palm empty fruit bunch, manila grass, water hyacinth.

K. Promdee is with the Inter-Department of Environmental Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand., and Department of Environmental Science, Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy, Nakorn Nayork, 26001, Thailand (e-mail: nuumensci@hotmail.com).
T. Vitidsant, S. Vanpeth, and P. Ruengvilairat are with the Department of Chemical Technology, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand. (e-mail: tharapong.v@chula.ac.th; penut9@hotmail.com; peera030127@hotmail.com).

[PDF]

Cite: Kittiphop Promdee, Tharapong Vitidsant, Supot Vanpetch, and Peerapon Ruengvilairat, "Physicochemical of Bio-Oil from Three Residual Plants Produced by Continuous Pyrolysis Reactor," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 104-107, 2012.

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