General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221 (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Chem. Eng. Appl.
    • Frequency: Biannually
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Alice Loh
    • Abstracting/ Indexing:  CNKI, Google Scholar, EBSCO, ProQuest,  Crossref, etc.
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  • Jan 02, 2024 News! All papers in IJCEA will be publihsed article by article staring from 2024.
Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan

IJCEA 2019 Vol.10(6): 189-194 ISSN: 2010-0221
doi: 10.18178/ijcea.2019.10.6.767

Formate Cycle: The Third Way in Green Energy

M. Gotovsky, A. Gotovsky, V. Mikhailov, V. Lychakov, Y. Sukhorukov, and E. Sukhorukova

Abstract—The prospects of the formate cycle are considered: the fixation of CO2 from the atmosphere in the form of formic acid in low-temperature electrochemical reduction, and further use of formic acid (formates). A brief review of effective catalysts (in particular - without the use of platinoids) for the direct oxidation of formates in a fuel cell and for the decomposition of formates with hydrogen evolution is given in the aspect of "green energy". Perspectives of formates, as a hydrogen accumulator, and as a carbon monoxide (CO) accumulator are shown. Particular attention is paid to the dual use of formate, as a combined raw material for the Fischer-Tropsch process, which allows a simple, technological and cost-effective production of synthetic liquid fuel (ergic-gasoline) suitable for classic automotive engines. It was suggested that formic acid should be used as an energy carrier produced in solar or wind power plants as a buffer reserve or a commercial product.

Index Terms—Formic acid, hydrogen accumulator, Fischer-Tropsch process.

Mikhail Gotovsky, Vladimir Mikhailov, Vitaly Lychakov, Yuri Sukhorukov, and Ekaterina Sukhorukova are with “Polzunov Institute” St. Petersburg Russia (e-mail:,,,,
Alexander Gotovsky is with “Energetic System Consulting” (ESC) St. Petersburg, Russia (e-mail:


Cite: M. Gotovsky, A. Gotovsky, V. Mikhailov, V. Lychakov, Y. Sukhorukov, and E. Sukhorukova, "Formate Cycle: The Third Way in Green Energy," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 189-194, 2019.

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