General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221 (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Chem. Eng. Appl.
    • Frequency: Biannually
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Jennifer X. Zeng
    • Abstracting/ Indexing:  CNKI, Google Scholar, EBSCO, ProQuest,  Crossref, etc.
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  • Jan 02, 2024 News! All papers in IJCEA will be publihsed article by article staring from 2024.
Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan

IJCEA 2015 Vol.6(3): 184-189 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2015.V6.478

The Scale Inhibition Performance and Mechanism of Polyepoxysuccinic Acid for Calcium Phosphate

Wu Lei, Wenyan Shi, and Gang Chen

Abstract—The static scale-inhibiting method was employed to investigate the scale inhibition performance of polyepoxysucci-nic acid (PESA) on calcium phosphate, and molecular dynamics (MD) method was used to simulate the interactions between PESA and (001), (010) surfaces of hydroxyapatite (HAP, the most thermodynamically stable phase of calcium phosphate) in aqueous solution. The results show that the scale inhibition efficiency of PESA increases as the increase in the concentration and PESA possesses better scale inhibition performance compared with PAA while poor performance compared with POCA. Moreover, PESA molecules adsorb on the surfaces rather than remain in the bulk water in MD simulations and the binding energy of PESA with (010) is significantly stronger (1.8 times) than that with (001) surface, which is mainly provided by hydrogen bonds and coulomb interaction verified by the analysis of radial distribution functions. The adsorption of PESA changes the growth rate of crystal surfaces and leads to changes in the crystal morphology of HAP, according well with the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) results. These suggestions may be useful for the synthesis of new, highly effective scale inhibitors.

Index Terms—Polyepoxysuccinic acid, calcium phosphate, hydroxyapatite, molecular dynamics simulation, static scale-inhibiting method, crystal surface.

Wu Lei and Gang Chen are with the Department of Chemistry, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing, China (e-mail:,
Wenyan Shi is with the Department of Applied Chemistry, Yancheng Institute of Technology, Yancheng, China (e-mail:


Cite: Wu Lei, Wenyan Shi, and Gang Chen, "The Scale Inhibition Performance and Mechanism of Polyepoxysuccinic Acid for Calcium Phosphate," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 184-189, 2015.

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