General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221 (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Chem. Eng. Appl.
    • Frequency: Biannually
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Alice Loh
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Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan

IJCEA 2015 Vol.6(5): 376-380 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2015.V6.513

Thermo-Chemical Conversion of Jatropha Deoiled Cake: Pyrolysis vs. Gasification

Rajeev Sharma and Pratik N. Sheth

Abstract—Pyrolysis and gasification of biomass is considered to be the promising alternative solutions for the increase of energy demand and environmental awareness. Pyroysis process produces a variety of chemicals by limited degradation and gasification process leads to complete breakdown of the biomass into permanent gases. By gasification, solid biomass is converted into a combustible gas mixture normally called “Producer Gas” consisting primarily of hydrogen and carbon monoxide, with lesser amounts of carbon dioxide, water, methane, higher hydrocarbons, nitrogen and particulates. Whereas the pyrolysis process produces a mainly three types of products: solid (charcoal), liquid (tar and other organics) and gaseous products. In the present study, Jatropha de-oiled cake is taken as a biomass. The pyrolysis and gasification experiments are carried out for comparing the results. The biomass is pyrolyzed in a fixed bed reactor in a Nitrogen environment as well used to produce the producer gas in a fixed bed downdraft biomass gasifier.

Index Terms—Biomass, gasification, jatropha de-oiled cake, pyrolysis.

The authors are with the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, India (e-mail:


Cite: Rajeev Sharma and Pratik N. Sheth, "Thermo-Chemical Conversion of Jatropha Deoiled Cake: Pyrolysis vs. Gasification," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 376-380, 2015.

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