General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221 (Print)
    • Abbreviated Title: Int. J. Chem. Eng. Appl.
    • Frequency: Quarterly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Jennifer X. Zeng
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS), Ulrich's Periodicals Directory, CABI, Electronic Journals Library, Google Scholar, ProQuest,  Crossref, EBSCO.
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Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan

IJCEA 2012 Vol.3(1): 36-39 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2012.V3.155

Pico Liter Dispensing Using Liquid Bridge Breakup in Immiscible Fluid

Dustin Moon, Do Jin Im, Taewoong Uhm, and In Seok Kang

Abstract—A simple and robust way is devised to generate picoliter droplets out of a single microliter drop for the use of generating monodisperse droplets in droplet-based microfluidics. A single aqueous drop is placed between two glass substrates and immersed in silicone oil, to form a liquid bridge. Then one substrate is moved with a constant velocity ranging from 50 to 1000 μm/s. As the distance between two glass plates increases, the liquid bridge breaks up and smaller droplets or satellites are formed. It is found that, for the case of fixed outer fluid, the droplets of nearly the same size are generated over several orders of moving velocity. However, the size of a satellite droplet increases as the mother drop size increases, and it decreases as the outer fluid viscosity increases. Based on this result, a picoliter-droplet was successfully dispensed repeatedly for 100 times within 2% relative standard deviation, on-demand. To confirm its feasibility of single particle encapsulation, a single polystyrene microparticle has been captured successfully using this method without complex control.

Index Terms—Satellite formation, drop formation,drop-on-demand, picoliter dispensing.

The authors are with the Department of Chemical Engineering, POSTECH, San 31 Hyojadong Namgu Pohang, Republic of Korea (e-mail:heavymix@


Cite: Dustin Moon, Do Jin Im, Taewoong Uhm, and In Seok Kang, "Pico Liter Dispensing Using Liquid Bridge Breakup inImmiscible Fluid," International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 36-39, 2012.

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