General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
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Editor-in-chief
Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan
 

IJCEA 2010 Vol.1(1): 49-54 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2010.V1.9

Numerical Study of Heat Transfer Performance of Homogenous Nanofluids under Natural Convection

A. A. Tahery, S. M. Pesteei, A. Zehforoosh

Abstract—The present study aims to identify heat transfer and flow characteristic due to buoyancy forces in a heated enclosure using nanofluid and their behaviors under natural convective heat transfer condition. In the present work nanofluids with water based containing Al2O3 nanoparticle numerically investigated. Numerical works are done on the use of the stable nanofluids under natural convective heat transfer conditions. Process of heating is done in two different ways: in first process the heater mounted to the down wall and in second way it mounted to the left vertical wall with a finite length, also heated and cooled walls keep in a constant temperature. Our numerical simulation has been undertaken incorporating a homogenous solid-liquid mixture. In particular this study deals with Al2O3 nanofluids with Newtonian behavior. Simulation have been carried out in the ranges Ra=103-106. Our volumetric fraction of nanoparticles was 1.3%. It was shown the Nusselt-Rayleigh number relation and then nanofluid Nu-Ra number diagrams based on found is plotted. Results showed an increasing in Nusselt-Rayleigh number at nanofluids diagrams as compared to Nusselt-Rayleigh relations of pure water. Increase in the average Nusselt number plays a significant role in heat transfer applications. Due to our numerical investigations vertical cavities with nanofluid were better than horizontal cavities. Also the cavities, which we used nanofluid, had better efficiency in natural convection numerical modeling for both horizontal and vertical fluid layer.

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Cite: A. A. Tahery, S. M. Pesteei, A. Zehforoosh, "Numerical Study of Heat Transfer Performance of Homogenous   Nanofluids   under   Natural   Convection,"  International  Journal  of  Chemical  Engineering  and
Applications
vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 49-54, 2010.

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