General Information
    • ISSN: 2010-0221
    • Frequency: Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.18178/IJCEA
    • Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
    • Executive Editor: Mr. Ron C. Wu
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Editor-in-chief
Prof. Dr. Shen-Ming Chen
National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan
 

IJCEA 2010 Vol.1(1): 55-62 ISSN: 2010-0221
DOI: 10.7763/IJCEA.2010.V1.10

Development of an Optimised Growth Strategy for Intensive Propagation, Lactic Acid and Bacteriocin Production of Selected Strains of Lactobacilli Genus

M. P. Zacharof and R. W. Lovitt

Abstract—Lactobacilli belong to the group of lactic acid bacteria (LAB), widely used in the food industry nowadays. These microorganisms have several distinguishing abilities such as the production of lactic acid, enzymes such as β-galactosidase and natural antimicrobial substances called bacteriocins. They are mainly used as a natural acidifier for the inoculation of bulk quantities of milk and vegetables in order to produce a variety of fermented products. As such, large quantities of their biomass and the end products of their metabolism are necessary. The possibility of producing these substances in mass quantities will be investigated through several techniques. The selected Lactobacilli, L.plantarum NCIMB 8014, L.casei NCIMB 11970, L.lactis NCIMB 8586 were grown into simple batch cultures without pH control where their physicochemical needs were determined. Through the determination of the optimum nutritional conditions for the propagation of the Lactobacilli, an optimised medium for growth occurred. The optimum pH conditions for the growth of the bacilli were determined as well as parameters such as cellular yield coefficient, substrate and starter inoculum concentration and lactic acid rate and production. The metabolism of the Lactobacilli was determined as homofermentative, mainly producing lactic acid. The efficiency of the medium combining al the optimised parameters, enhancing the productivity biomass and therefore bacteriocins production from the strains, was tested on a 2L STR reactor operated batchwise with continuous pH control. A simple liquid turbidometric method was developed to test the bacteriocin productivity of the selected bacteria. The activity and potency of the bacteriocin produced was tested against L.delbruckii subsp.lactis NCIMB 8117.

Index Terms-Doubling time, Growth rate, Lactic acid, Nisin

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Cite: M. P. Zacharof and R. W. Lovitt, "Development of an Optimised Growth Strategy for Intensive Propagation, Lactic  Acid  and  Bacteriocin  Production  of  Selected  Strains  of  Lactobacilli Genus,"  International  Journal  of
Chemical Engineering and Applications
  vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 55-62, 2010.

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